The English word "gender" refers to the so-called social sex. This is the opposite of biological sex.
Gender refers to the social sex. It stands for precisely those gender characteristics that have been socially or culturally determined. Or in other words: social gender expresses the attributes that society associates with "typically female" or "typically male". From a scientific point of view, the so-called "gender studies" are of particular interest. This is a special field of research that deals with research around the role of gender in society.
In the recent past, there have been repeated discussions about the extent to which it is justifiable to categorise certain ways of acting or visual aspects as "feminine" or "masculine".
Again and again, experts spoke of the "third gender" or people who did not want to define their gender according to society's guidelines. As an interim result, people now have the possibility to indicate not only "m" or "w" but also "d" for "diverse" on questionnaires and the like.
Due to the intensive research in this area, it can be assumed that a lot will continue to happen in this field in the future. Gender toilets and co. could be just the beginning of a movement to fight back against the prejudices within society. Transgender people here even go so far as to transgress the imposed boundaries by, for example, putting on make-up as a man as a woman.
While some people prefer to consciously resist traditional gender roles, others really love to be absorbed in them and consciously serve the clichés by, for example, giving their daughters only pink Buying clothes and dolls without letting them decide freely.